Legal and Ethical Issues - ppt video online download (2023)

Presentation on theme: "Legal and Ethical Issues"— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal and Ethical Issues
Chapter 2 Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

2 Origins of Law Federal Law Federal Regulations State Law
State Regulations Local Education Agency Policy Interpretation of Law Through Litigation Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

3 Current Federal Laws of
Special and General Education P.L Now IDEA 2004 Amendments of IDEA Section 504 Early Childhood No Child Left Behind Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

4 Disability Litigation Begins
Extended the right to special education to children of all disabilities 1972 Mills v. Board of Education Tests used for eligibility for special education must be non-discriminatory Larry P. v. Riles Guaranteed special education for children with mental retardation PARC Basis for future rulings that children with disabilities cannot be excluded from school 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Importance Date Case

5 Who Receives Special Education?
Visual impairment Traumatic brain injury Other health impairments Specific learning disability Speech or language impairment Orthopedic impairment Multiple disabilities Mental retardation Hearing impaired Emotional disturbance Developmental delay (3-9) Deaf-blindness Autism

6 Prevalence

(Video) Ethical issues in research

7 Major Components of IDEA
Zero Reject Free Appropriate Public Education Non-Discriminatory Assessment Individualized Education Program Least Restrictive Environment Due Process Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

8 Initial referrals for evaluation may be made
by the parent or by the school. Generally, parents must consent to evaluations. Evaluations must take place within 60 days or within the timeframe established by the state.

9 What is special education?
The zero exclusion principle. “all students with disabilities receive at public expense the special education and related services necessary to meet their individual needs.” Related services - support services necessary for a student to benefit from their special education program.

10 Related Services Medical- nursing, nutrition
Emotional/Social- counseling, social work Therapy- physical, speech and language, occupational Access- transportation, mobility

11 Major provisions of IDEA
# 2- Nondiscriminatory and Multidisciplinary Assessment Testing students in their native or primary language. Using valid tests and evaluation procedures prevent cultural or racial discrimination. Utilizing several pieces of information collected by a multidisciplinary team.

12 Major provisions of IDEA
# 2- Nondiscriminatory and Multidisciplinary Assessment Testing students in their native or primary language. Using valid tests and evaluation procedures prevent cultural or racial discrimination. Utilizing several pieces of information collected by a multidisciplinary team.

(Video) Download PPT from slideshare without login or signup| how to download PPT from slideshare

13 Major provisions of IDEA
# 3- Parental Safeguards and Involvement Informed Consent for testing and placement. Participate on the committee that considers the evaluation of, placement of, and programming for the child. To inspect and review educational records and challenge information if needed. To request a copy of information from the child’s educational record. To request a hearing.

14 Major provisions of IDEA
# 4- The Individualized Education Program (IEP) The team responsible for developing the IEP include: the student’s parents special education teacher, general education teacher representative of the local education agency. The IEP team must also include a person who can interpret the instructional implications of evaluation results.

15 IEP Individualized Education Plan
Individually tailored educational plan developed with the parents Present level of performance Measurable annual goals Instructional objectives Degree of participation in general education Dates of initiation of services Annual evaluation

16 The IEP IDEA ‘04 requires that an IEP must include:
A statement of the special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services that will be provided to the child to support them to: The extent, if any, to which the child will not participate with non-disabled children in the general education class. A statement of any individual appropriate accommodations to ensure academic achievement on State and district assessments.

17 Major Provisions of IDEA
# 5- Education in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Children with disabilities receive their education with non-disabled peers to the maximum extent appropriate. A continuum of placements must be available.

18

(Video) Ethical Issues on Information Technology and Intellectual Property

19 How are Disagreements Resolved?
Mediation Impartial professional meets with each party to try to resolve the dispute Due process hearing Formal procedure often resembling a trial Impartial hearing officer makes decision Decision may be appealed

20 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 PL 107-110
Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act All pupils will demonstrate proficiency in mathematics, reading and science Annual testing will show adequate yearly progress (AYP) Consequences for lack of AYP= parent may transfer their child to another school Highly qualified teachers and aides

21 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004
Highly Qualified Special Ed. Teachers in every core subject they teach May use response to intervention (RTI) as part of evaluation procedures Amendments can be made to an IEP for minor changes without a meeting

22 Changes in the IDEA 2004 Amendments
More emphasis on accountability of achievement of students in special education Reduction in unnecessary paper work for teachers Reduction of non-instructional time spent by teachers Provision of additional means of resolving disagreements between parents and schools Increasing early intervention activities and aligning with No Child Left Behind Requiring highly qualified teachers Improvement of previous discipline policies Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

23 Changes in the IDEA Amendments Continued
Flexibility in spending with up to 15% of IDEA funds to be used on early intervention activities. Transition needs must be addressed in the child’s IEP which is in effect when the child is 16 years of age. Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

24 The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - 1990
Civil rights legislation to prevent discrimination on the basis of disability in private sector employment, all public services, public accommodations, transportation and telecommunications

(Video) Code of Conduct and Ethics for Employees | Knowledgecity.com

25 Definitions Having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits an individual in some major life activity, and having experienced discrimination. No exclusive list of specific impairments covered by ADA.

26 Major provisions of the ADA
The intent of ADA is to create a “fair and level playing field.” Reasonable accommodations in areas of: employment transportation public accommodations government telecommunications

27 Section 504 (in the school system)
* A civil rights law * Protects persons with disabilities and other conditions from discrimination in programs receiving federal assistance “Fair and level playing field.” Requires that schools make reasonable accommodations to ensure that discrimination does not occur * Requires periodic evaluations * Has grievance procedures Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

28 PL Early Childhood Set forth the guidelines for services for infants and toddlers. Many of these guidelines were incorporated into the 1997 Amendments of IDEA. Family provides direction for the assessment plan. Individual Family Service Plan must be designed for each infant or toddler. Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

29 IDEA 2004 and Evaluation Procedures
Schools are required to conduct full individual evaluations before a student can receive special education support services. Schools are required to conduct reevaluations as needed to determine when services need adjustment or to determine when a child no longer requires special education support. Initial referrals for evaluation may be made by the parent or by the school. Generally, parents must consent to evaluations. Evaluations must take place within 60 days or within the timeframe established by the state. Copyright ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Terry Overton Assessing Learners with Special Needs, 5e

Videos

1. Tell Me About Yourself | Best Answer (from former CEO)
(The Companies Expert)
2. What is Ethics?
(The Ethics Centre)
3. Public Health Law and Ethics
(ASPPH)
4. How To Create Animated Videos With PowerPoint | Beginners Guide
(Emmanuel Crown)
5. How to cite sources in PowerPoint | It's important
(Nuts & Bolts Speed Training)
6. How to properly present PowerPoint slides in Zoom
(Kevin Stratvert)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Aron Pacocha

Last Updated: 03/04/2023

Views: 6060

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (68 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Aron Pacocha

Birthday: 1999-08-12

Address: 3808 Moen Corner, Gorczanyport, FL 67364-2074

Phone: +393457723392

Job: Retail Consultant

Hobby: Jewelry making, Cooking, Gaming, Reading, Juggling, Cabaret, Origami

Introduction: My name is Aron Pacocha, I am a happy, tasty, innocent, proud, talented, courageous, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.